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AP® European History Teaching Resource: Period 4: c. 1914 to the present

Period 4: c. 1914 to the present

For this period, images and primary source documents are organized by each of the six Key Concepts of the Outline, illustrating:

  • how the total war and political instability of the first half of the 20th century gave way to a polarized state order during the Cold War and eventually to efforts at transnational union;
  • how the stresses of economic collapse and total war engendered internal conflicts between European states and created conflicting conceptions of the relationships between the individual and state, as demonstrated in the ideological battle between liberal democracy, communism, and fascism;
  • the diverse 20th-century intellectual and cultural movements that questioned the existence of objective knowledge, the ability of reason to arrive at truth, and the role of religion in determining moral standards;
  • the way demographic changes, economic growth, total war, disruptions of traditional social patterns, and competing definitions of freedom and justice altered the experiences of everyday life.

AP® European History Curriculum Framework

Key Concepts reproduced in this guide are from: The College Board. "AP® European History Course and Exam Description, Including Curriculum Framework, 2017." https://apcentral.collegeboard.org/pdf/ap-european-history-course-and-exam-description.pdf?course=ap-european-history

Advanced Placement® and AP® are trademarks registered and/or owned by the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this website. 

Image Groups for this period

Key Concept 4.1 — Total war and political instability in the first half of the 20th century gave way to a polarized state order during the Cold War and eventually to efforts at transnational union.

The Impact of the Versailles Settlement on Europe

Nationalist & Separatist Movements in Modern Europe

World War II in Europe

The Cold War in & Beyond Europe

Key Concept 4.2 — The stresses of economic collapse and total war engendered internal conflicts within European states and created conflicting conceptions of the relationship between the individual and the state, as demonstrated in the ideological battle between and among democracy, communism, and fascism.

The Russian Revolution

Fascism in Europe

Changing Roles of Women in Modern Europe

Great Depression & Radicalism in Europe after 1914

Postwar Economics & the Welfare State in Europe

Key Concept 4.3 — During the 20th century, diverse intellectual and cultural movements questioned the existence of objective knowledge, the ability of reason to arrive at truth, and the role of religion in determining moral standards.

Arts of the 20th Century in Europe

Challenges of Science & Technology in Modern Europe

Organized Religion in the Post-Modern Age

Key Concept 4.4 — Demographic changes, economic growth, total war, disruptions of traditional social patterns, and competing definitions of freedom and justice altered the experiences of everyday life.

Ravages of War, Increased Living Standards in Modern Europe

Changing Roles of Women in Modern Europe

The Cold War in & Beyond Europe

New Voices in Public Discourse in Modern Europe