Skip to main content

AP® European History Teaching Resource: Period 3: c. 1815 to c. 1914

Period 3: c. 1815 to c. 1914

For this period, images and primary source documents are organized by each of the six Key Concepts of the Outline, demonstrating:

  • how the Industrial Revolution spread from Great Britain to the continent; the effect of industrialization in shaping everyday life experiences;
  • the problems of industrialization and the range of ideological, governmental, and collective responses to them; the struggle to maintain international stability in an age of nationalism and revolutions;
  • the variety of motives and methods that led to the intensification of European global control and increased tensions among the Great Powers;
  • the tension expressed between objectivity and scientific realism, and subjectivity and individual expression.

AP® European History Curriculum Framework

Key Concepts reproduced in this guide are from: The College Board. "AP® European History Course and Exam Description, Including Curriculum Framework, 2017." https://apcentral.collegeboard.org/pdf/ap-european-history-course-and-exam-description.pdf?course=ap-european-history

Advanced Placement® and AP® are trademarks registered and/or owned by the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this website. 

Image Groups for this period

Key Concept 3.1 — The Industrial Revolution spread from Great Britain to the continent, where the state played a greater role in promoting industry.

Great Britain's Industrial Dominance in 19th Century Europe

Industrialization in Continental Europe

Second Industrial Revolution

Key Concept 3.2 — The experiences of everyday life were shaped by industrialization, depending on the level of industrial development in a particular location.

Consumerism & the Industrial Revolution in 19th Century Europe

Urbanization & Social Dislocations in 19th Century Europe

Family & Class after Industrialization in Europe

Industrialization & New Classes in 19th Century Europe

Lagging Industrialization in Parts of 19th Century Europe

Key Concept 3.3 — Political revolutions and the complications resulting from industrialization triggered a range of ideological, governmental, and collective responses.

Ideologies & Industrial & Political Change

Modern Bureaucratic States

The Problems of Industrialization

Key Concept 3.4 — European states struggled to maintain international stability in an age of nationalism and revolutions.

Concert of Europe (Congress System) & Rebellions

Europe & Unification, Italy & Germany

National Unification & Liberal Reforms

Key Concept 3.5 — A variety of motives and methods led to the intensification of European global control and increased tensions among the Great Powers.

Imperialism & Culture in Europe & Abroad

Imperialism & Colonialism in Asia & Africa

Technology & Global Imperialism

Key Concept 3.6 — European ideas and culture expressed a tension between objectivity and scientific realism on one hand, and subjectivity and individual expression on the other.

Romanticism in the Arts

Modern Intellectual & Cultural Life

Realism & Materialism after 1848