Period 3: c. 1815 to c. 1914
For this period, images and primary source documents are organized by each of the six Key Concepts of the Outline, demonstrating:
Key Concepts reproduced in this guide are from: The College Board. "AP® European History Course and Exam Description, Including Curriculum Framework, 2017." https://apcentral.collegeboard.org/pdf/ap-european-history-course-and-exam-description.pdf?course=ap-european-history
Advanced Placement® and AP® are trademarks registered and/or owned by the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse, this website.
Great Britain's Industrial Dominance in 19th Century Europe
Industrialization in Continental Europe
Key Concept 3.2 — The experiences of everyday life were shaped by industrialization, depending on the level of industrial development in a particular location.
Consumerism & the Industrial Revolution in 19th Century Europe
Urbanization & Social Dislocations in 19th Century Europe
Family & Class after Industrialization in Europe
Industrialization & New Classes in 19th Century Europe
Lagging Industrialization in Parts of 19th Century EuropeKey Concept 3.3 — Political revolutions and the complications resulting from industrialization triggered a range of ideological, governmental, and collective responses.
Ideologies & Industrial & Political Change
The Problems of Industrialization
Key Concept 3.4 — European states struggled to maintain international stability in an age of nationalism and revolutions.
Concert of Europe (Congress System) & Rebellions
Europe & Unification, Italy & Germany
National Unification & Liberal Reforms
Key Concept 3.5 — A variety of motives and methods led to the intensification of European global control and increased tensions among the Great Powers.
Imperialism & Culture in Europe & Abroad
Imperialism & Colonialism in Asia & Africa
Technology & Global Imperialism
Key Concept 3.6 — European ideas and culture expressed a tension between objectivity and scientific realism on one hand, and subjectivity and individual expression on the other.
Modern Intellectual & Cultural Life